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Color subcarrier frequency and TV Standards/TV Systems

Color subcarrier and other characteristics of the different NTSC, PAL and SECAM Television Standards compared worldwide.



1. Worldwide Television Standards for analog TV

A comparsion of various TV Systems which are used for broadcast television in different countries:

Television Standards and color coding
Standard

(converter field)
vertical
scan
lines
vertical frequency/
refresh rate


horizontal frequency
video
band-
width
audio
carrier
color subcarrier
frequency
NTSC M

NTSC
52559.94 Hz/59.94 fields/s

15734 Hz
4.2 MHz4.5 MHz3.57954545 MHz
(FCC) M
b&w
52560 Hz/60 fields/s

15750 Hz
4.2 MHz4.5 MHz-
PAL B
PAL G
PAL H


PAL
62550 Hz/50 fields/s

15625 Hz
5.0 MHz5.5 MHz4.43361875 MHz
PAL D
PAL K


PAL
62550 Hz/50 fields/s

15625 Hz
6.0 MHz6.5 MHz4.43361875 MHz
PAL I

PAL
62550 Hz/50 fields/s

15625 Hz
5.5 MHz6.0 MHz4.43361875 MHz
PAL M

NTSC
52559.94 Hz/59.94 fields/s

15734 Hz
4.2 MHz4.5 MHz3.575611 MHz
PAL N*

PAL
62550 Hz/50 fields/s

15625 Hz
4.2 MHz4.5 MHz3.582056 MHz
SECAM B
SECAM G
SECAM H


PAL
62550 Hz/50 fields/s

15625 Hz
5.0 MHz5.5 MHz4.406250 MHz/
4.250 MHz
SECAM D
SECAM K
SECAM K1
SECAM L


PAL
62550 Hz/50 fields/s

15625 Hz
6.0 MHz6.5 MHz4.406250 MHz/
4.250 MHz

* PAL CN is used for cable television in Argentina, Paraguay and Uruguay in opposite to PAL N for broadcast television.


Additional signal characteristics
 Channel spacing (MHz)Vision mod. typeVision mod. polaritySound mod.Vestigial side band (MHz)Field period
B7AMneg.FM0.751/50 s
= 20 ms
D8AMneg.FM0.751/50 s
= 20 ms
G8AMneg.FM0.751/50 s
= 20 ms
H8AMneg.FM1.251/50 s
= 20 ms
I8AMneg.FM1.251/50 s
= 20 ms
K8AMneg.FM0.751/50 s
= 20 ms
K1 (K')8AMneg.FM1.251/50 s
= 20 ms
L8AMpos.AM1.251/50 s
= 20 ms
M (b&w)6AMneg.FM0.751/60 s
≈ 16.6667 ms
M6AMneg.FM0.751/59.94 s
≈ 16.6834 ms
N6AMneg.FM0.751/50 s
= 20 ms

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2. UHF (Ultra High Frequency)

UHF is a frequency band which is used for broadcast television. Electromagnetic waves with a frequency between 300 MHz and 3 GHz are assigned to the UHF band. UHF is usually used for: PAL G, PAL H, PAL K, SECAM G, SECAM H, SECAM K.

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3. VHF (Very High Frequency)

VHF is also a frequency band used for broadcast television. But here one have electromagnetic waves with a frequency between 30 MHz and 300 MHz. VHF is usually used for: PAL B, PAL D, SECAM B, SECAM D. The standards which ordinarily use UHF as well as VHF are: NTSC M, PAL I, PAL M, PAL N, SECAM K1, SECAM L.

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4. TV Standards of all countries subdivided into continents

The following overview of the various Television Standards is additionally subdivided into continents since this table seems to be more informative than a pure alphabetical order. There is unclarity in some cases about the continent assignment of several countries. For instance Russia, Kazakhstan, Georgia, Azerbaijan, Israel and Turkey were assigned to Europe since these countries are often in connection with Europe. However, one can assign these countries even to the continent Asia. The data for this compilation were extensively investigated but nevertheless we can not guarantee the absolute correctness of the data of all countries. Future changes in the TV Standards or an alteration of a country name (e. g. Yugoslavia was splitted in Serbia/Montenegro and other states) may not immediately be included into this comparison. Please report hints for possible mistakes or actual changes.

Different TV Systems of all countries and territories
ContinentStandardCountries/Territories
Africa
PAL B Cape Verde
PAL B Equatorial Guinea
PAL B Gambia
PAL B Guinea-Bissau
PAL B Mozambique
PAL B Seychelles
PAL B Tanzania
PAL B/G Algeria
PAL B/G Cameroon
PAL B/G Djibouti
PAL B/G Eritrea
PAL B/G Ethiopia
PAL B/G Ghana
PAL B/G Kenya
PAL B/G Libya
PAL B/G Malawi
PAL B/G Nigeria
PAL B/G São Tomé and Príncipe
PAL B/G Sierra Leone
PAL B/G Somalia
PAL B/G Sudan
PAL B/G Swaziland
PAL B/G Tunisia
PAL B/G Uganda
PAL B/G Zambia
PAL B/G Zimbabwe
PAL B/G,
SECAM B/G
Egypt
PAL B/H Liberia
PAL I Angola
PAL I Botswana
PAL I Lesotho
PAL I Namibia
PAL I* Saint Helena (Ascension and Tristan da Cunha)*
PAL I South Africa
PAL I Tanzania - Unguja Island (formerly Zanzibar) and Pemba
SECAM B Mauritania
SECAM B Mauritius
SECAM B Morocco
SECAM B Sahara, Democratic Arab Republic (Western Sahara)
SECAM K Benin (formerly Dahomey)
SECAM K Congo, Republic of the Congo (Congo-Brazzaville)
SECAM K Guinea
SECAM K Togo
SECAM K1 Burkina Faso
SECAM K1 Burundi
SECAM K1 Cote d'Ivoire (Ivory Coast)
SECAM K1 Central African Republic
SECAM K1 Chad
SECAM K1 Comoros (incl. Mayotte)
SECAM K1 Congo, Democratic Republic of the (formerly Zaire)
SECAM K1 Gabon
SECAM K1 Madagascar
SECAM K1 Mali
SECAM K1 Niger
SECAM K1 Réunion
SECAM K1 Rwanda
SECAM K1 Senegal
 
Antarctica NTSC M Antarctica
 
Asia
NTSC M Japan
NTSC M Korea, South
NTSC M Myanmar (formerly Burma)
NTSC M Philippines
NTSC M Taiwan
PAL B Bangladesh
PAL B Bhutan
PAL B Brunei (Negara Brunei Darussalam)
PAL B East Timor (Timor-Leste)
PAL B India
PAL B Laos
PAL B Malaysia
PAL B Maldives
PAL B Nepal
PAL B Pakistan
PAL B Qatar
PAL B Socotra
PAL B Sri Lanka (formerly Ceylon)
PAL B Syria
PAL B Thailand (formerly Siam)
PAL B Yemen
PAL B,
NTSC M
Cambodia
PAL B,
NTSC M
Vietnam
PAL B,
SECAM B
Afghanistan
PAL B/G Bahrain
PAL B/G Indonesia (incl. Irian Jaya)
PAL B/G Jordan
PAL B/G Kuwait
PAL B/G Lebanon
PAL B/G Oman
PAL B/G Singapore
PAL B/G United Arab Emirates, UAE (incl. the Emirates Abu Dhabi and Dubai)
PAL B/G,
SECAM B/G
Iran
PAL B/G,
SECAM B/G
Saudi Arabia
PAL D China, People's Republic of (incl. Tibet)
PAL I Hong Kong
PAL I Macao (Macau)
SECAM B Iraq
SECAM D Mongolia
SECAM D/K Korea, North
SECAM D/K Kyrgyztan
SECAM D/K Tajikistan
SECAM D/K Turkmenistan
SECAM D/K Uzbekistan
 
Australia
and
Oceania
NTSC M* Easter Island*
NTSC M Guam
NTSC M Marshall Islands
NTSC M Micronesia (Caroline Islands, Mariana Islands)
NTSC M Nauru
NTSC M Northern Mariana Islands
NTSC M* Palau*
NTSC M Samoa, American
PAL B* Cook Islands* (incl. Tokelau)
PAL B Fiji Islands
PAL B Kiribati (Gilbert Islands, Phoenix Islands, Line Islands)
PAL B* Niue*
PAL B* Norfolk Island*
PAL B Samoa
PAL B Solomon Islands
PAL B Tonga
PAL B* Tuvalu*
PAL B Vanuatu
PAL B/G Australia
PAL B/G New Zealand
PAL B/G Papua New Guinea
PAL I* Pitcairn*
SECAM K1 French Polynesia (incl. Tahiti)
SECAM K1 New Caledonia
SECAM K1* Wallis and Futuna Islands*
 
Europe
PAL B Azores
PAL B Faroe Islands
PAL B* Gibraltar*
PAL B Madeira
PAL B/G Albania
PAL B/G Andorra
PAL B/G Austria
PAL B/G Canary Islands
PAL B/G Cyprus
PAL B/G Denmark
PAL B/G Estonia
PAL B/G Finland
PAL B/G Germany
PAL B/G Greece (incl. Crete)
PAL B/G Iceland
PAL B/G Israel
PAL B/G Italy
PAL B/G Liechtenstein
PAL B/G Macedonia
PAL B/G Montenegro
PAL B/G Netherlands (Holland)
PAL B/G Norway
PAL B/G Portugal
PAL B/G San Marino
PAL B/G Serbia
PAL B/G Spain
PAL B/G Sweden
PAL B/G Switzerland
PAL B/G Turkey
PAL B/G Vatican City
PAL B/G,
SECAM L
Luxembourg
PAL B/H Belgium
PAL B/H Bosnia and Herzegovina
PAL B/H Croatia
PAL B/H Malta
PAL B/H Slovenia
PAL D/K Bulgaria
PAL D/K Czech Republic
PAL D/K Hungary
PAL D/K Latvia
PAL D/K Lithuania
PAL D/K Poland
PAL D/K Romania
PAL D/K Slovakia
PAL I Ireland, Republic of
PAL I United Kingdom (Great Britain [England, Scotland, Wales] and Northern Ireland)
PAL I,
SECAM L
Channel Islands
SECAM D/K Armenia
SECAM D/K Azerbaijan
SECAM D/K Belarus
SECAM D/K Georgia
SECAM D/K Kazakhstan
SECAM D/K Moldova (Republic of Moldova)
SECAM D/K Russia
SECAM D/K Ukraine
SECAM L France (incl. Corsica)
SECAM L Monaco
 
North America
NTSC M Anguilla
NTSC M Antigua and Barbuda
NTSC M Aruba
NTSC M Bahamas
NTSC M Barbados
NTSC M Belize
NTSC M Bermuda Islands
NTSC M British Virgin Islands
NTSC M Canada
NTSC M Cayman Islands
NTSC M Costa Rica
NTSC M Cuba
NTSC M Dominica
NTSC M Dominican Republic
NTSC M El Salvador
NTSC M Grenada
NTSC M Guatemala
NTSC M Haiti
NTSC M Honduras
NTSC M Jamaica
NTSC M Mexico
NTSC M Montserrat
NTSC M Netherlands Antilles (Bonaire, Curaçao, Saba, Sint Eustatius, Sint Maarten [Saint-Martin])
NTSC M Nicaragua
NTSC M Panama
NTSC M Puerto Rico
NTSC M Saint Kitts and Nevis
NTSC M Saint Lucia
NTSC M Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
NTSC M Trinidad and Tobago
NTSC M Turks and Caicos Islands
NTSC M United States of America, USA (incl. Alaska, Hawaiian Islands, Midway Islands and Wake Island)
NTSC M Virgin Islands of the United States
PAL B Greenland
SECAM K1 Guadeloupe
SECAM K1 Martinique
SECAM K1 Saint Pierre and Miquelon
 
South America
NTSC M Bolivia
NTSC M Chile
NTSC M Colombia
NTSC M Ecuador
NTSC M Guyana
NTSC M Peru
NTSC M Suriname
NTSC M Venezuela
PAL I* Falkland Islands*
PAL M Brazil
PAL N Argentina
PAL N Paraguay
PAL N Uruguay
SECAM K1 Guiana, French

* For these countries and territories it could not be exactly verified which TV Standard type is used.

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2002, 2003, 2004, 2005 - last updated: 2005/12/15

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